Sleep Deprevation Effect On The Driving Activity Using Sustained Attention Test

  • Fandy Valentino Industrial Engineering Department, Institut Teknologi Sumatera, Indonesia
  • Hardianto Iridiastadi Industrial Engineering Department, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia

Abstract

The rate of train accidents in Indonesia is still high, mainly caused by humans related to fatigue while on duty. One of the factors that influence the level of fatigue is the duration of the previous sleep time which causes the level of alertness at work to decrease. This study aims to determine how significantly a person alertness performance decreases due to sleep deprivation using Sustained Attention Test. The study was conducted with laboratory experiments using a train simulator involving twelve participants aged 21.2 ± 0.92 years. The independent variable is the duration of sleeping time before driving with a duration of eight hours for normal conditions and a duration of two hours for sleep deprivation. The dependent variable is the parameter on the Sustained Attention Test which is tested before and after driving using the Kruskal-Wallis test. The results showed that there was a increase in the value of the Sustained Attention Test, especially the error and miss parameters which were significant due to sleep deprivation with an average significance of p-value less than 0.05 and increasingly significant with an average of p-value less than 0.01 after driving activity. This shows that sleep deprivation greatly affects the drivers performance while on duty.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

[1] P. Cummings, T. D. Koepsell, J. M. Moffat, and F. P. Rivara, “Drowsiness, counter-measures to drowsiness, and the risk of a motor vehicle crash,” Inj. Prev., vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 194–199, Sep. 2001.
[2] T. Åkerstedt, J. Axelsson, M. Lekander, N. Orsini, and G. Kecklund, “The daily variation in sleepiness and its relation to the preceding sleep episode-a prospective study across 42 days of normal living,” J. Sleep Res., vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 258–265, Jun. 2013.
[3] A. Williamson, D. A. Lombardi, S. Folkard, J. Stutts, T. K. Courtney, and J. L. Connor, “The link between fatigue and safety,” Accid. Anal. Prev., vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 498–515, Mar. 2011.
[4] E. De Valck, L. Smeekens, and L. Vantrappen, “Periodic Psychological Examination of Train Driversʼ Fitness in Belgium,” J. Occup. Environ. Med., vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 445–452, Apr. 2015.
[5] R. Bridger, Introduction to ergonomics, 3rd ed. CRC Press, 2008.
[6] S. K. L. Lal, “The Psychophysiology of Driver Fatigue/Drowsiness: Electroencephalography Electrooculogram Electrocardigram and Psychological Effects,” Sydney UTS, 2001.
[7] I. Z. Sutalaksana, R. Anggawisastra, and J. H. Tjakraatmadja, “Teknik perancangan sistem kerja,” Bandung ITB, 2006.
[8] J. Dorrian, G. D. Roach, A. Fletcher, and D. Dawson, “Simulated train driving: Fatigue, self-awareness and cognitive disengagement,” Appl. Ergon., vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 155–166, Mar. 2007.
Published
2020-12-20
How to Cite
VALENTINO, Fandy; IRIDIASTADI, Hardianto. Sleep Deprevation Effect On The Driving Activity Using Sustained Attention Test. Journal of Science and Applicative Technology, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 2, p. 99-102, dec. 2020. ISSN 2581-0545. Available at: <https://journal.itera.ac.id/index.php/jsat/article/view/363>. Date accessed: 23 jan. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.35472/jsat.v4i2.363.