ANALISIS DAMPAK PERUBAHAN PENGGUNAN LAHAN PERKOTAAN TERHADAP URBAN HEAT ISLAND DI KECAMATAN KEDATON

  • Dhea Olvy Aulia Putri Institut Teknologi Sumatera
  • Mia Ermawati Institut Teknologi Sumatera
  • Nana Putri Yanto Institut Teknologi Sumatera

Abstract

The Urban Heat Island phenomenon is defined as a form of local climate change. In the formation of the Urban Heat Island phenomenon, there are several factors, namely changes in land use, vegetation density, building density, and vehicle emissions. Dense development areas that have caused changes in land use, settlements, and transportation activities have begun to accumulate in Kedaton District. Kedaton District is included in the activity center area so that changes in land use from 2017 to 2022 occur significantly, which can cause an increase in urban temperatures. This study aims to analyze the impact of changes in urban land use on Urban Heat Island in Kedaton District. The variables used are land use, surface temperature, vegetation density, building density, motor vehicle intensity, and motor vehicle emissions. The analytical methods used are LST, NDVI, NDBI, road service level analysis, vehicle emission analysis, and correlation analysis. The results of the analysis show that the impact of changes in land use will result in a 76% decrease in vegetation density in 2022, a 95% increase in building density, and a 99% increase in vehicle emissions. The impact of changes in land use has contributed to the distribution of urban heat islands in Kedaton District. To minimize the impact of changes in use on the Urban Heat Island in Kedaton District, mitigation efforts based on the resilient city concept are needed, namely the addition of private green open spaces, reflective roof paint in densely populated areas, and optimizing public transportation.

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Published
2024-04-04
How to Cite
PUTRI, Dhea Olvy Aulia; ERMAWATI, Mia; YANTO, Nana Putri. ANALISIS DAMPAK PERUBAHAN PENGGUNAN LAHAN PERKOTAAN TERHADAP URBAN HEAT ISLAND DI KECAMATAN KEDATON. Jurnal Perencanaan dan Pengembangan Kebijakan, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 1, p. 27-38, apr. 2024. ISSN 2775-0566. Available at: <https://journal.itera.ac.id/index.php/jppk/article/view/1464>. Date accessed: 20 june 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.35472/jppk.v4i1.1464.
Section
Articles

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