Potassium Cyanide (KCN) Content in Coral Reefs and Its Effect on The Abundance of Indicator-Fishes in The Anambas Islands

  • Rizki Dimas Permana Program Studi Sains Lingkungan Kelautan, Jurusan Sains, Institut Teknologi Sumatera, Lampung Selatan 35365, Indonesia
  • Sunarto Sunarto Program Studi Ilmu Kelautan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang 45363, Indonesia
  • Syawalludin Alisyahbana Harahap Program Studi Ilmu Kelautan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang 45363, Indonesia
  • Indah Riyantini Program Studi Ilmu Kelautan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang 45363, Indonesia
  • Yuwanda Ilham Loka Kawasan Konservasi Perairan Nasional Pekanbaru, Ditjen Pengelolaan Ruang Laut, Kementerian Kelautan Perikanan Republik Indonesia

Abstract

The coral reef ecosystem has been continuously degraded in various parts of Indonesia, including the Anambas Islands. This research aimed to discover the content of Potassium Cyanide (KCN) accumulated on corals and the effect on indicator fishes abundance in the Anambas Islands. This research was conducted at 25 observation stations in the Anambas Islands National Marine Protected Area. The potassium cyanide (KCN) content was tested with the principle of titration and distillation. The coral samples used ranged from 10-20 g diluted in 100-200 ml distilled water. The method used to determine the abundance of indicator fish was underwater visual census or UVC, which recorded fish in every station. This research recorded 307 fish individuals from 14 species of the Chaetodontidae family. Potassium Cyanide's content on corals was high ranging from 0,009-0,032 mg/L with an average 0,0205 mg/L. We concluded that there was a negative correlation between the content of Potassium Cyanide  (KCN) on corals and indicator fishes abundance, which means the higher the Potassium Cyanide content (KCN) is on corals, the lower the indicator fishes abundance will point out.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

[1] I. S. Ilyas, S. Astuty, S. A. Harahap, and N. P. Purba, “Keanekaragaman Ikan Karang Target Kaitannya dengan Bentuk Pertumbuhan Karang pada Zona Inti di Taman Wisata Perairan Kepulauan Anambas,” J. Perikan. Dan Kelaut., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 103–111, 2017.
[2] N. D. Uar, S. H. Murti, and S. Hadisusanto, “Kerusakan Lingkungan Akibat Aktivitas Manusia Pada Ekosistem Terumbu Karang,” Maj. Geogr. Indones., 2016.
[3] L. M. Chou, V. S. Tuan, PhilReefs, A. Yeemin, Thamasak, Cabanban, S. Kessna, and I. Kessna, “Status of Southeast Asia Coral Reefs,” Status Coral Reefs World 2002, 2002.
[4] M. Bailey and U. R. Sumaila, “Destructive fishing and fisheries enforcement in eastern Indonesia,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 2015.
[5] H. Latuconsina, “Identifikasi alat penangkapan ikan ramah lingkungan di kawasan konservasi laut Pulau Pombo Provinsi Maluku,” Agrikan J. Agribisnis Perikan., 2010.
[6] R. Alfian, “Penangkapan ikan hias dengan memanfaatkan larutan daun tembakau (Nicotiana tabacum L) sebagai alternatif pengganti potasium sianida,” Reaksi Jur. Tek. Kim. Politek. negeri Lhokseumawe, 2005.
[7] M. Asri, E. S. Wahyuni, and A. Satria, “Destructive Fishing Practices (Case Study on the Taka Bonerate National Park),” Sodality J. Sosiol. Pedesaan, 2019.
[8] M. M. Pitoi, “Sianida: Klasifikasi, Toksisitas, Degradasi, Analisis (Studi Pustaka),” J. MIPA, 2015.
[9] O. Muzaky Luthfi and J. A. Siagian, “Monitoring of Corallivorous Fish’s Bites on Porites lobata at South Java Sea, Indonesia,” 2017.
[10] H. H. Madduppa, N. P. Zamani, B. Subhan, U. Aktani, and S. C. A. Ferse, “Feeding behavior and diet of the eight-banded butterflyfish Chaetodon octofasciatus in the Thousand Islands, Indonesia,” Environ. Biol. Fishes, 2014.
[11] R. Suharti, K. Y. Saktiawan, B. Rachmad, H. Triyono, and D. Zulkifli, “Kajian Bioekologi Ikan Karang Chaetodontidae Sebagai Salah Satu Indikator Untuk Mendeteksi Kondisi Ekosistem Terumbu Karang Di Perairan Taman Nasional Kepulauan Togean, Sulawesi Tengah,” J. Kelaut. DAN Perikan. Terap., 2018.
[12] S. English, C. Wilkinson, and V. Baker, Survey manual for tropical marine resources. 1997.
[13] R. E. Brock, “A critique of the visual census method for assessing coral reef fish populations,” Bull. Mar. Sci., 1982.
[14] D. Daniel and L. W. Santosa, “Karakteristik Oseanografis dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Distribusi dan Tutupan Terumbu Karang di Wilayah Gugusan Pulau Pari, Kabupaten Kep. Seribu, DKI Jakarta,” J. Bumi Indones., 2014.
[15] J. W. Nyabakken, Biologi Laut Suatu Pendekatan Ekologis. Jakarta: Gramedia, 1988.
[16] D. Damhudy, M. Kamal, and Y. Ernawati, “Kondisi Kesehatan Terumbu Karang Berdasarkan Kelimpahan Ikan Herbivora Di Kecamatan Pulau Tiga Kabupaten Natuna,” J. Ilmu-Ilmu Perair. dan Perikan. Indones., 2011.
Published
2021-05-28
How to Cite
PERMANA, Rizki Dimas et al. Potassium Cyanide (KCN) Content in Coral Reefs and Its Effect on The Abundance of Indicator-Fishes in The Anambas Islands. Journal of Science and Applicative Technology, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 1, p. 214-221, may 2021. ISSN 2581-0545. Available at: <https://journal.itera.ac.id/index.php/jsat/article/view/381>. Date accessed: 16 june 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.35472/jsat.v5i1.381.