Analisis Keputusan Multi Kriteria dalam Penentuan Rute Optimum sebagai Jalur Darurat dan Evakuasi Kebakaran Hutan di Taman Nasional Gunung Merbabu

  • Adnin Musadri Asbi Program Studi Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Institut Teknologi Sumatera, Lampung Selatan, Indonesia
  • Diyanti Isnani Siregar Institut Teknologi Sumatera

Abstract

Penelitian ini mengombinasikan pendekatan Analisis Keputusan Multi Kriteria dan Sistem Geografis Informasi dalam menentukan rute yang paling optimum sebagai jalur darurat dan evakuasi pada saat terjadi kebakaran hutan. Kawasan hutan di Taman Nasional Gunung Merbabu yang rawan terhadap kebakaran dipilih sebagai wilayah studi kasus. Penelitian ini dilakukan dalam 4 tahapan yaitu analisis multi kriteria (tutupan lahan, kelerengan, dan jarak dari jalur), analsis daerah rawan kebakaran hutan, analisis rute alternatif menggunakan Least-Cost Path, evaluasi multi kriteria, dan analisis keputusan multi kriteria untuk menentukan rute optimum sebagai jalur darurat dan evakuasi kebakaran hutan. Hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa terdapat dua rute yang optimum untuk keadaan darurat (Rute Selo dan Alternatif 1) dan tiga rute dipilih sebagai rute evakuasi yang paling optimum (rute Cuntel, Wekas dan Alternatif 4).

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Published
2021-07-01
How to Cite
ASBI, Adnin Musadri; SIREGAR, Diyanti Isnani. Analisis Keputusan Multi Kriteria dalam Penentuan Rute Optimum sebagai Jalur Darurat dan Evakuasi Kebakaran Hutan di Taman Nasional Gunung Merbabu. Journal of Science and Applicative Technology, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 2, p. 290-298, july 2021. ISSN 2581-0545. Available at: <https://journal.itera.ac.id/index.php/jsat/article/view/269>. Date accessed: 20 sep. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.35472/jsat.v5i2.269.