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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or PDF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 10-point font; 12-point font for Section; 14-point font for title; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • Article should be submitted in paper format that can be downloaded at Author Guidelines section

Formatting Guidelines


1. Manuscript template can be downloaded here


2. Authors should submit their manuscript in English or Bahasa Indonesia. For manuscript in Bahasa Indonesia, abstract must be written in English


3. Formatting Guidelines



  1. Authors should submit their manuscript in English/Bahasa Indonesia

  2. Manuscript should be formatted according to manuscript template that can be downloaded here

  3. Figures and tables must be clear and easy to view


4. Figures and tables must be clear and easy to view


Publication Ethics and Malpratice Statement


Our publication ethics and malpratice statement are based on Elsevier recommendation